Happy Better Hearing and Speech Month!
Advocacy and Awareness, Early Intervention, Language, Speech May 01, 2019
So what is a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP)? 🤷♀️ SLP’s are professional who work with people of all ages by diagnosing and treating a variety of communication and swallowing deficits.
Speech Sound Disorders👄 : SLPs diagnose and treat the production of specific speech sounds.
- Some people might experience articulation disorders/delays, it occurs when individuals articulate sounds incorrectly by substituting or distorting individual sounds.
- A phonological disorder occurs when a child uses patterned errors to replace adult-like speech sounds, it is natural for children to use them; however, after a certain age, these become problematic. For instance, a child might replace t/k (this is called fronting), and she might say “tootie” instead of “cookie”, the phonological process of fronting should be eliminated around the age of 3.5 years
- Apraxia is a motor programming disorder in which children and/or adults might present with irregular errors and difficulties planning to perform movements to produce speech.
- Dysarthria can also occur in both pediatric and adult population, it is characterized by weakness abnormal speed, range, pitch and accuracy for the production of speech sounds.
Cognitive skills🧠: refers to the ability to attend to tasks, use our memory, organize information, solve problems, mentally manipulate information & use reasoning skills .
Receptive Language 👂🏼: refers to the understanding of language.
Expressive Language🗣: refers to the ability to express our thoughts, emotions, wants, and needs .
Fluency or Stuttering💬: refers to smooth speech. For instance: some people might say: “I-I-I-I I want um an um ice-cream” .
Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia)🍽🥗: refers to the ability to suck, masticate (chew), adequately manage the bolus (food), propel the bolus & direct it into our esophagus. SLP’s diagnose aspiration (i.e., food going into our airway), they can change diet consistency to increase safety and provide treatment to strengthen our oral & laryngeal mechanisms .
Feeding🍌🍗: SLPs also treat and diagnose children who experience difficulty during meals due to sensory deficits, decreased strength in masticatory ability, and/or behavioral difficulties .
Social skills (pragmatics)👨👩👧👭: refers to the ability to engage in reciprocal & meaningful interactions. Some people present decreased eye-contact, topic maintenance, politeness markers and turn-taking skills .
Voice Disorders🎤🎼: ability to sustain a normal voice quality and resonance. Some people experience hoarseness, breathiness, wet vocal quality, nasality, high, low or monotonous pitch.
Play skills🤹♀️👯♀️: ability to engage in play by taking turns, & use toys appropriately while exploring use of language.
Alternative Augmentative Communication (AAC) 💻🕹: refers to the use of alternative communication (i.e., signs, and devices) to AUGMENT communication.
Above all, SLPs are professionals who provide evidence-based treatment to help people of all ages and ability levels to reach their fullest potential 💪😍
ASHA (n.d). Dysarthria. Retrieved on April 28th, 2019 from https://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/dysarthria/
ASHA (n.d). Acquired Apraxia of Speech. Retrieved on April 28th, 2019 from https://www.asha.org/Practice-Portal/Clinical-Topics/Acquired-Apraxia-of-Speech/